Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Resinous trees with regularly whorled branches. Shoots of two sorts; long shoots bearing scale-leaves (without chlorophyll and with woody, decurrent bases); short shoots born in axils of scale-leaves, with fixed number of green, needle-like leaves surrounded by sheathing scale-leaves at base, entire short shoot falling off as a whole. Female cones usually ripening in the second year; scales thin or woody, persisting on cone until it has shed. Seeds 2 per scale, usually winged. Cotyledons 3–18.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Conifers (Pinophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-03
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