Pinus radiata D.Don

Radiata Pine

Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 442 (1837) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tree up to 30 m tall or more. Bark dark brown and divided into deep ridges on old trees. Winter buds 12–18 mm long, resinous; scales deciduous, closely appressed. Leaves in groups of three, 8–15 cm long, slender, grass-green. Female cones solitary or in clusters, shortly stalked, pendulous, greyish-brown, asymmetrically ovoid, 7.5–15 cm long, usually persisent; exposed portion of scale rounded with small dorsal point. Seed with a well-developed wing.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to California, USA. Widely planted for softwood timber and as an ornamental tree. Wind-blown seed has allowed Pinus radiata to spread into the native forests flanking softwood plantations throughout the State.

A variety of this species, Pinus radiata var. binata Engelm. has leaves in pairs rather than in threes. A few Victorian trees have leaves in both pairs and threes.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Conifers (Pinophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Pinaceae
genus Pinus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pinus radiata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pinus radiata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory