Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon

Shore Pine

Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 4: 2292 (1838) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tree to 20 m tall. Bark dark brown, scaly. Winter buds to 12 mm long, resinous; scales closely appressed. Leaves in clusters of 2, 3–7 cm long, twisted, glossy, dark green. Female cones solitary, sessile, erect, pale brown, asymmetrically ovoid-conical, 2–6 cm long, usually shed in first year; exposed portion of scale rounded with slender dorsal spine. Seed with a well-developed wing.

*OtR, *VAlp. Also naturalised NSW. Native to north-western North America.

This pine sometimes escapes from nearby plantations in Victoria.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-07-15
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-03
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Pinaceae
genus Pinus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pinus contorta in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pinus contorta in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Otway Ranges present introduced
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales