Pinus pinea L.

Stone Pine

Sp. Pl. 2: 1000 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tree to 20 m tall with a broad round crown. Bark red-grey, deeply fissured. Winter buds 6–20 mm long, not resinous; scales persistent, fringed, apically recurved. Leaves in pairs, 10–15 cm long, glossy, dark green. Female cones solitary, sessile, pendulous, glossy brown, ovoid, 10–15 cm long, persistent; exposed portion of scale rounded with a small dorsal point. Seeds with a rudimentary wing (less than 3 mm long).

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *NIS, *OtP, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, NSW. Native to Portugal and Spain. Cultivated throughout the Mediterranean for its edible seeds. Grown as an ornamental in Victoria where it has become naturalised.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-07-15
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-03
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Pinaceae
genus Pinus
Higher taxa
species Pinus pinea L.


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pinus pinea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pinus pinea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales