Pinus canariensis C.Sm.

Canary Island Pine

Phys. Beschr. Canar. Ins. 159 (1825) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Tree to 30 m tall. Bark reddish-brown, thick, partially shedding in round scales. Winter buds 15–40 mm long, not resinous; scales deciduous, deeply fringed and recurved. Leaves in clusters of 3, 15–30 mm long, glossy, subglaucous when young, becoming pale green. Female cones solitary, shortly stalked, pendulous, dull brown, narrowly conical to cylindrical, 10–22 cm long, persistent; exposed portion of scale rounded with prominent dorsal point. Seed with a well-developed wing.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *VRiv. Also naturalised WA, SA. Native to Canary Island.

Grown as an ornamental tree and occasionally escaping cultivation in Victoria.

Plants with small cones and finer, glaucous leaves collected near Castlemaine are apparently just an unusual form of this species. These plants occur near an exotic garden and may possibly be offspring of a horticultural dwarf variety or of hybrid origin.  

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-07-15
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-03
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Pinaceae
genus Pinus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pinus canariensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pinus canariensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory