Pinus muricata D.Don

Bishop Pine

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 17: 441 (1836) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Tree to 25 m tall. Bark dark grey, deeply furrowed. Winter buds 10–25 mm long, resinous; scales closely appressed. Leaves in pairs, 8–15 cm long, grey-green. Female cones solitary or in clusters of 2–5, sessile or shortly stalked, glossy, red-brown, asymmetrically ovoid, 4–9 cm long, persistent, often serotinous; exposed portion of scale rounded with stout distal spine. Seed with a well-developed wing.

*OtR. Native to California, USA. This pine has escaped from a nearby plantation in the Otway Ranges.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-07-15
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Pinaceae
genus Pinus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pinus muricata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pinus muricata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Otway Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales