Pinus pinaster Sol.

Maritime Pine

in Dryand., Hort. Kew 3: 367 (1789) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tree up to 40 m tall. Bark reddish-brown, in plates, deeply fissured. Winter buds 18–25 mm long, not resinous; scales deciduous, fringed and recurved. Leaves in pairs, usually 15–30 cm long, dark green. Female cones 1–3(rarely more) together, sessile, bright-brown, shining, ovoid-conic, 9–25 cm long, usually deciduous; exposed portion of scale angular with prominent conical dorsal protuberance. Seed with a well-developed wing.

*CVU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HSF, *MuM, *OtP, *Strz, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to the western coast of the Mediterranean. Often planted as windbreak in southern Victoria where windblown seed spreads it into neighbouring forest.

Pinus pinaster is the major source of turpentine in France.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Conifers (Pinophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-03
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Pinaceae
genus Pinus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Pinus pinaster in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Pinus pinaster in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory