Melilotus siculus (Turra) B.D.Jacks.

Mediterranean Melilot

Index Kew. 2: 199 (1894) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or ascending annual herb to 40 cm tall, glabrous or sparsely hairy. Petiole to 3 cm long; leaflets obovate, 8–30 mm long, 4–15 mm wide, apices rounded or emarginate; stipules ovate, 3–10 mm long, dentate at base. Inflorescence 1.5–4 cm long, mostly shorter than subtending leaves; peduncle 3–15 mm long. Flowers 2–12; pedicels c. 1 mm long; calyx 2–3 mm long, 10-veined, teeth about equal to tube; corolla 4–5 mm long, yellow; standard longest; wings shorter than keel. Pod ovoid, 5–8 mm long, prominently marked with many closely concentric ridges, sharply acute, yellowish-brown; seeds 1 or 2, ovoid, 2.5–4 mm long, minutely verrucose, brown. Flowers Aug.–Mar.

*GipP, *OtP, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW. Known from a few localities in south-western Victoria where it grows on marshy or seasonally inundated ground and will tolerate salt.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Melilotus messanensis (L.) All.).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-28
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Melilotus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Melilotus siculus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Melilotus siculus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales