Vulpia bromoides (L.) Gray

Squirrel-tail Fescue

Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 124 (1821) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted annual, culms slender, erect or ascending, to 50 cm high. Leaf-blades soft, bright green when young, to 20 cm long and 3 mm wide. Inflorescence a one-sided panicle (rarely a raceme), erect or slightly drooping, 1–10 cm long, well exserted from uppermost leaf-sheath. Spikelets 6–11 mm long (excluding awns), 4–10-flowered, mostly fertile; lower glume 2.5–6 mm long (from one-half to three-quarters as long as upper), upper glume 4.5–9 mm, unawned or with an awn to 2 mm; body of lemma 5–9 mm long, minutely tuberculate, awn up to twice as long as lemma body, callus rounded, c. 0.2–0.3 mm long. Flowers Sep.–Jan.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Naturalized in all States except NT. Native to much of Europe (possibly naturalised in the eastern part) and northern Africa. Common throughout the State, particularly on sandy soils and in disturbed habitats.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-07-25
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Vulpia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Vulpia bromoides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Vulpia bromoides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Far East present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory