Annuals or perennials. Inflorescence a panicle with capillary branches. Spikelets 2-flowered; glumes paired, subequal, persistent, hyaline, 1-nerved; lemmas 5–7-nerved, membranous, with a terminal, basally twisted awn and 2 shorter lateral awns which are usually flanked on the lemma margin by a pair of short teeth (absent in the Victorian species); palea hyaline; stamens 3.
83 species, mainly from temperate Africa, 2 naturalised in Australia, both in Victoria.
Pentaschistis, although the larger genus prior to being synonymised under Pentameris was described later, hence Pentameris has priority.
Linder, H.P.; Baeza, M.; Barker, N.P.; Galley, C.; Humphreys, A.M.; Lloyd, K.M.; Orlovich, D.A.; Pirie, M.D.; Simon, B.K.; Walsh, N.G. (2010). A generic classification of the Danthonioideae (Poaceae), Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97: 306–364.