Melaleuca lanceolata Otto

in Nees, Horae Phys. Berol. 36 (1820) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrub or small tree to 10 m high, glabrous except on young shoots and axes; bark hard, fissured, rarely slightly papery or flaking. Leaves alternate, linear to narrowly lanceolate or narrowly oblanceolate, 5–15 mm long, 1–3 mm wide, tip acute, often bent downwards; veins 3 (with intramarginal veins) or indistinct; petiole c. 1 mm long. Inflorescence a dense spike, mostly 2–4 cm long, 15–18 mm wide; axis pubescent, growing on into a leafy shoot. Flowers 3 per bract (which is often leaf-like); stamens 8–14 per bundle, white or cream, claw 1–2 mm long, free part of filaments 3–5 mm long. Capsules spherical to urn-shaped, 3–5 mm wide, with a constricted orifice, the pointed sepals often semi-persistent. Flowers mostly in summer.

Brid, CVU, DunT, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, OtP, OtR, RobP, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. Also WA, SA, Qld, NSW. Common on sandy, often calcareous soils on coastal dunes and cliffs or, inland, mostly along creek beds at edges of rivers and waterbodies or in mallee on shallow sandy soils.

Previously considered to contain 4 subspecies (3 endemic to Western Australia, and the nominate subspecies found only in eastern Australia), but the distinction between these is no longer recognised.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2016-06-24
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-08
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Myrtales
family Myrtaceae
genus Melaleuca
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Melaleuca lanceolata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Melaleuca lanceolata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory