Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. angustifolia

Desert Ash

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tree to c. 20 m or more high, deciduous, with dark brown winter buds. Leaves mostly 14–20 cm long; leaflets 5–13 (usually 5–7), narrow-lanceolate to elliptic, mostly 5–8 cm long and 0.7–2 cm wide, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margins serrate, glabrous. Panicles axillary, many-flowered, appearing before the leaves; sepals and corolla absent. Samara elliptic, 3–4 cm long, slightly twisted, winged in upper half.  Flowers spring.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised in WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to the Mediterranean region and south-western Asia. A popular street or garden tree that has been noted as naturalised at a few sites near Melbourne and near Euroa.

Claret Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. oxycarpa (Willd.) Franco & Rocha Afonso 'Raywood') is commonly grown for its spectacular purplish autumn foliage, but naturalised plants belong to the nominate subspecies with yellowish autumn leaves. 

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Oleaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-11-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Oleaceae
genus Fraxinus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. angustifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Fraxinus angustifolia subsp. angustifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory