Alhagi maurorum Medik.

Camel Thorn

Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 397 (1787) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Introduced

Erect shrub 30–150 cm tall, rigid, glabrous to pubescent; stems woody at base, branchlets subulate, 1–4 cm long, spiny. Leaves obovate to oblanceolate, 5–30 mm long, 2–14 mm wide, somewhat succulent, glandular above, pubescent below; petiole c. 2 mm long; stipules subulate, c. 2 mm long, caducous. Inflorescences mostly 3–8-flowered; bracts ovate, c. 0.5 mm long, brown; bracteoles oblong, c. 0.5 mm long, brown, pilose. Calyx c. 3 mm long, glabrous or pubescent; calyx teeth small, triangular; corolla 6–12 mm long, pinkish-purple to yellow and red; ovary compressed, 7–8 mm long. Pod red-brown, 8–30 mm long, c. 3 mm wide, constricted between seeds; seeds 1–8, c. 3 mm long, greyish-brown, testa smooth. Flowers Nov.–Feb.

Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW. Native to western Europe, central Asia. Previously found in irrigation areas in the north of the State; although proclaimed a noxious weed in Victoria it has not been collected since 1920.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-08
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Alhagi
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Alhagi maurorum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Alhagi maurorum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee extinct introduced
Victorian Riverina extinct introduced
Murray Scroll Belt extinct introduced
Murray Fans extinct introduced
Goldfields extinct introduced
Northern Inland Slopes extinct introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales