Solanum linnaeanum Hepper & P.Jaeger

Apple of Sodom

Kew Bull. 41: 435 (1986) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Shrub to 1 m high, dark green, pubescent with stellate hairs and some glandular hairs; prickles to 15 mm long, yellowish, straight, abundant on most parts of plant. Leaves elliptic, mostly 4–8 cm long, 3–6 cm wide, deeply lobed, concolorous, upper surface sparsely pubescent, lower surface more densely pubescent; lobes rounded to more or less triangular, margins sinuate or further lobed; petiole 1–2 cm long. Inflorescences simple, 3–6-flowered; peduncle short or absent. Flowers on pedicels 10–15 mm long; calyx 7–8 mm long, somewhat accrescent in fruit, lobes lanceolate, 2–4 mm long; corolla rotate-stellate to pentagonal, 15–20 mm diam., pale purple-blue, lobes shortly acute-tipped; anthers 4.5–6 mm long. Berry globose, 20–35 mm diam., yellow, finally brown or black; seeds 2–3 mm long, light brown or yellowish. Flowers throughout the year.

*Brid, *CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *HSF, *OtP, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW. Native to the Mediterranean region and South Africa. Naturalised in New Zealand and other countries. Scattered across southern Victoria between Portland and Bairnsdale, usually in disturbed areas such as roadsides and unmaintained pasture.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Solanum linnaeanum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum linnaeanum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales