Brachychiton populneus subsp. populneus


Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Tree 6–20 m high; trunk cylindric or slightly bulbous; bark grey to dark brown, shallowly fissured and tesselated. Leaves ovate to lanceolate, 5–12 cm long, 2–8 cm wide, entire or with 1 or 2 lobes to c. 1 cm long, shiny green above, paler or glaucescent below, glabrous or with a few stellate hairs on the petiole; petioles 2–10 cm long. Perianth (= calyx tube) 5(–6)-lobed, 6–12 mm long, outer surface glabrous or sparsely stellate-pubescent, cream or pale green, glandular-pubescent inside, pale green or creamy white and with red-brown speckles; carpels pubescent. Follicles 4–7 cm long, rostrate, glabrous outside, on stipes 2–4 cm long; seeds 6–22 per follicle, ovoid, smooth. Flowers Oct.–Jan.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, HNF, HSF, MuF, MuM, NIS, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, Wim. In Victoria occasional in dry woodlands and open-forest in the north and north-east and rain-shadow areas of the east (e.g. Snowy River catchment) where sometimes a dominant in ‘dry’ rainforest communities on and below escarpments. The origin status of some populations such as at Nyah and near Koondrook beside the Murray River, and the Gippsland Lakes is uncertain.

Aboriginal people used the fibrous bark for making string and nets for fishing. They also ate young taproots and seeds. In some parts of Australia B. populneus is utilized as a fodder tree. It is extensively planted as an ornamental or shade tree.

Source: Short, P.S. (1996). Sterculiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-07-31
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Brachychiton populneus subsp. populneus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Brachychiton populneus subsp. populneus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory