Ehrharta erecta Lam.

Panic Veldt-grass

Encycl. 2: 347 (1786) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted perennial or annual, culms sprawling, geniculate or erect, mostly to 60 cm high. Leaf-blades flat, to 20 cm long, 2–12 mm broad, margins minutely scabrous, often undulate toward base; ligules membranous, laciniate, 1–5 mm long. Inflorescence an open panicle, 10–40 cm long, the spikelets usually remaining more or less appressed to panicle branches. Spikelets 3.5–4.5 mm long; glumes ovate, the lower 1.5–2.2 mm long, the upper 1.8–3.0 mm long, green and glabrous; lower sterile lemma obtuse, slightly longer than upper glume, smooth; upper sterile lemma obtuse, transversely ridged toward the apex, both lemmas glabrous or with a few short hairs near base; fertile lemma slightly shorter than upper sterile lemma, smooth and strongly keeled. Flowers all year, mostly Sep.–Mar.

*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. All States except NT. Indigenous to southern Africa. Occurs primarily on sandy soils, but also on loams and clays, through cooler parts of the State. A very common weed of suburban gardens, and a serious environmental weed.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-08-14
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-06-26
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Ehrharta
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Ehrharta erecta in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ehrharta erecta in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present introduced
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present introduced
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory