Encycl. 2: 347 (1786) APNI
Tufted perennial or annual, culms sprawling, geniculate or erect, mostly to 60 cm high. Leaf-blades flat, to 20 cm long, 2–12 mm broad, margins minutely scabrous, often undulate toward base; ligules membranous, laciniate, 1–5 mm long. Inflorescence an open panicle, 10–40 cm long, the spikelets usually remaining more or less appressed to panicle branches. Spikelets 3.5–4.5 mm long; glumes ovate, the lower 1.5–2.2 mm long, the upper 1.8–3.0 mm long, green and glabrous; lower sterile lemma obtuse, slightly longer than upper glume, smooth; upper sterile lemma obtuse, transversely ridged toward the apex, both lemmas glabrous or with a few short hairs near base; fertile lemma slightly shorter than upper sterile lemma, smooth and strongly keeled. Flowers all year, mostly Sep.–Mar.
*CVU, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. All States except NT. Indigenous to southern Africa. Occurs primarily on sandy soils, but also on loams and clays, through cooler parts of the State. A very common weed of suburban gardens, and a serious environmental weed.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||introduced|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Lowlands||present||introduced|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|