Arthropodium strictum R.Br.

Chocolate Lily

Prodr. 276 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Plants tufted, to c. 1.2 m high. Roots tuberous, tubers to c. 2 cm long, 3–5 cm from rootstock; base of plant sheathed by persistent leaf fibres. Leaves linear, flat or slightly channelled, 10–60 cm long, 1–10 mm wide. Inflorescence erect, usually branched. Flowers solitary in bract axils, deep pink or mauve, rarely blue, chocolate-scented, pedicels usually erect, to 35 mm long; perianth segments 6–14 mm long, spreading or slightly recurved, petals broader than sepals and with thin, undulate margins; stamens shorter than perianth segments, anthers purple, mostly with bright yellow appendages (but see note below). Capsule ovoid, c. 4–7 mm long. Seeds c. 2–3 mm long. Flowers mostly Oct.–Dec.

CVU, DunT, EGL, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, NSW, Tas. Locally abundant, particularly in grassy plains and woodlands, throughout much of the State, but rare in the mallee (Little Desert only), and absent from the alps and the far east beyond Bairnsdale area.

A variant, differing from the typical in having pedicels bent from the axis at right angles or slightly deflexed, stamen filaments curiously inflexed around the ovary and purple rather than yellow anther appendages, appears to be confined to the north-east in the Chiltern-Benalla district (Mt Pilot, Moyhu etc.). Its taxonomic status is under investigation.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2020-10-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asparagaceae
genus Arthropodium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Arthropodium strictum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Arthropodium strictum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory