Rumex crispus L.

Curled Dock

Sp. Pl. 335 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Perrenial with stems erect, to c. 1(–1.5) m high. Basal and lower stem leaves with petioles shorter than lamina; lamina lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 8–30 cm long, 2–8 cm wide, cuneate to truncate at base; margins finely crisped, usually also undulate; upper leaves reduced. Inflorescence with few to many, more or less erect branches, to c. 50 cm long in all, leafy only near base; flower 'whorls' usually almost contiguous. Fruiting valves broad-ovate to almost circular, 3.5–6 mm long and almost as wide, cordate at base, entire, reticulate, usually each with a smooth, rounded callosity up to c. half as long as valve; fruiting pedicel slender, longer than valves, jointed near the base. Nut 2–3.5 mm long. Flowers mainly Oct.–Feb.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalized in all States and many countries. Native to Europe, south-west Asia. Widespread and common in gardens, agricultural districts and on roadsides, particularly in seasonally boggy ground. The commonest introduced Rumex in Victoria (and Australia).

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Polygonaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
family Polygonaceae
genus Rumex
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Rumex crispus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Rumex crispus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory