Scutellaria humilis R.Br.

Dwarf Skullcap

Prodr. 507 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Prostrate to ascending herb, often rooting from lower nodes; stems with short, antrorse simple hairs mainly along ridges. Leaves ovate, to c. deltoid, 0.5–2 cm long and wide, upper surface glabrous or with a few antrorse hairs near margin, lower surface with antrorse hairs mostly on veins, and sessile glands between veins, apex c. obtuse, base cordate or truncate, margins crenate-serrate or c. entire; petiole 3–18 mm long. Calyx often tinged purple, 2–3 mm long (to 5 mm in fruit), c. glabrous, or with scattered, short simple hairs; corolla 5–7 mm long, white, mauve with white markings, or wholly mauve, often spotted orange in throat, abaxial lip up to twice as long as adaxial lip. Seeds rugose, c. 0.8 mm long. Flowers mostly Oct.–Feb.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Scattered in Victoria from the far south-west near Heywood to the north-east, but common only in the far east. Usually occurring in shaded sites on stony ground, often near streams (but also in lava caves of the Volcanic Plain).

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-05-31
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
genus Scutellaria
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Scutellaria humilis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Scutellaria humilis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory