Ornithogalum umbellatum L.

Star of Bethlehem

Sp. Pl. 307 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Plants tufted, bulbous, to c. 30 cm high. Roots fibrous. Leaves linear, flat, erect, to c. 30 cm long, 5 mm wide. Inflorescence erect, about as long as leaves, corymbose or rarely sparsely elongate. Flowers normally 6–15; bracts linear; lower flowering pedicels to 7 cm long, upper pedicels shorter, fruiting pedicels spreading, to 10 cm long; perianth segments 15–20 mm long, spreading, white with a broad central stripe; stamens c. half as long as perianth segments; ovary green to yellow. Capsule ovoid to obovoid, 6-angled. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

*Gold, *NIS, *VRiv. Also naturalised in SA, NSW. Native to southern and central Europe and eastern Mediterranean countries. Commonly cultivated as an ornamental, recorded as a persistent weed in crop paddocks in the Maryborough (1938), Rutherglen (1980) and Colbinabbin (1983) districts.

Source: Conran, J.G. (1994). Liliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Asparagaceae
genus Ornithogalum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Ornithogalum umbellatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ornithogalum umbellatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales