Achillea millefolium L.

Milfoil

Sp. Pl. 899 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect herb to c. 1 m high, unbranched above base; stems terete, striate, pubescent. Leaves sessile, oblanceolate to narrow-elliptic in outline, 1- or 2-pinnatisect, usually 2–10 cm long and 8–25 mm wide, pubescent to glabrescent; rachis c. 1 mm wide, not winged, lobed or toothed between primary pinnae; primary pinnae usually more than 15 per leaf, ovate to lanceolate, mostly 5–20 mm long; ultimate lobes spreading in more than one plane. Capitula in dense compound corymbs, 4–6 mm diam.; involucral bracts oblong, 1–5 mm long, pubescent, margins dark and scarious. Ray florets c. 5; ligules c. 2.5 mm long, white, pink or mauve. Disc florets c. 2 mm long, white or cream. Cypselas to 3 mm long. Flowers Oct.–Apr.

*CVU, *GipP, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP. Naturalised all States except NT. Native to Europe. A widespread weed of disturbed areas such as roadsides and wasteland, but also established in native grassland and woodlands, particularly in subalpine areas.

See note after Achillea distans subsp. tanacetifolia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Asteraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-09
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Achillea
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Achillea millefolium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Achillea millefolium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present introduced
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania