Matthiola

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or perennial herbs, covered in dense, stellate and glandular hairs (in Australia). Leaves entire, scalloped or pinnately lobed. Inflorescence a raceme. Sepals erect, inner pair usually saccate; petals long-clawed, purple, pink or white; stamens 6, spreading. Fruit pedicellate (sometimes shortly so), linear, elongate (more than 3 times as long as broad), dehiscent; stigma sessile, bilobed, each lobe erect with a dorsal swelling or horn-like extension; valves convex or compressed, with conspicuous midvein, pubescent; seeds in 1 row per locule, compressed, winged (in Australia).

55 species from the Atlantic islands, Europe, central Asia and South Africa; 2 species naturalised in Australia.

Matthiola is characterized by its dense covering of stellate hairs and the large pink, purple or white flowers.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
 
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
Higher taxa
genus Matthiola
Subordinate taxa