Helminthotheca echioides (L.) Holub

Ox-tongue

Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohemoslov. 8: 176 (1973) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual to perennial herb 30–100 cm high. Basal leaves elliptic to oblanceolate, 3.5–35 cm long, 1–10 cm wide, obtuse to acute, base narrowed into winged petiole, margins sinuate to dentate; lower cauline leaves similar but bases subamplexi-caul; upper cauline leaves smaller, ovate to lanceolate, amplexicaul. Capitula commonly in umbel-like clusters; peduncles 2–6 cm long; involucral bracts ovate-cordate to narrow-lanceolate, 5–22 mm long. Ligules 12–17 mm long, slightly exceeding involucre, yellow, sometimes externally red-striped. Cypselas 5–7 mm long, beak c. as long as body, outer ones whitish and curved, inner ones reddish-brown and straight; pappus of many delicate plumose bristles, 4–7 mm long. Flowers most of the year.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to Europe, Asia and Africa. A common weed of roadsides, gardens and wasteland, mainly in western Victoria.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Asteraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-05-09
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Helminthotheca echioides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Helminthotheca echioides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present introduced
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania