Calendula officinalis L.

Garden Marigold

Sp. Pl. 921 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Erect to ascending annual or short-lived perennial herbs, to c. 50 cm high; branches glandular-hairy. Leaves narrowly obovate, elliptic, orbicular, oblong or lanceolate, 6–20 cm long, 0.5–5 cm wide, entire or few-toothed, with stalked glandular hairs. Involucral bracts in c. 2 rows, lanceolate, 10–15 mm long. Ray florets c. 20–60, in 1–3 rows, ligules yellow to orange, 8–30 mm long; disc florets commonly yellow or orange but sometimes brown-black or green. Cypselas of 2 or 3 types, commonly the outermost 3-winged with smooth backs, innermost more strongly curved, not or barely winged and with a ridged or tuberculate back, sometimes an outermost row of beaked, strongly incurved cypselas with spines on the back is also present. Flowers most of the year.

*GipP, *HSF, *OtP, *VVP. Also naturalised SA, NSW, Tas. Native to Mediterranean area. A highly variable, widely cultivated species. Sparingly established in Victoria, known by only 3 collections, one pre-1900 ('Yarra Yarra'), and two recent collections from weedy grassland near Geelong, and degraded foreshore area at Williamstown.

Source: Short, P.S. (1999). Calendula. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2016-07-22
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Calendula
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Calendula officinalis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Calendula officinalis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory