Paronychia franciscana Eastw.

Chile Nailwort

Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 288 (1901) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Perennial with woody taproot; more or less pubescent. Stems prostrate, much-branching from base, 15–35 cm long, internodes often glabrous. Leaves sessile, elliptic-oblong to oblanceolate, 4–10 mm long, 1.5–2.5 mm wide, rather thick, acute, mucronate, ciliate to appressed-pubescent; stipules acuminate, often clasping internodes, up to 6 mm long, 2.3 mm wide. Inflorescence densely congested with age, more or less concealed by foliage; bracts acuminate, usually not concealing flowers. Flowers 1.7–1.8 mm long; pedicels very short or absent; calyx pale yellowish- or greenish-brown, sparsely pubescent above, occasionally glabrous, sepals oblong, weakly hooded, 1.2–1.4 mm long, with narrow membranous margins and short, slender, erect or suberect awn 0.4–0.6 mm long; petals absent. Achene subglobose, c. 1.3 mm long; seeds reddish-brown, more or less glossy, finely punctate, 1–1.2 mm diam. Flowers mainly Oct.–Jan.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also reported once as naturalised in NSW but now presumed extinct there. Native to Chile. A localized weed of disturbed and waste ground.

Source: Adams, L.G. (1996). Caryophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Paronychia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Paronychia franciscana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Paronychia franciscana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales