Caladenia latifolia R Br.

Pink Fairies

Prodr. 324 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 7–40 cm tall. Leaf oblong-lanceolate, 8–18 cm long, 3–20 mm wide. Flowers 1–4, bright pink, rarely white; perianth segments lighter-coloured and glandular-hairy on the outside; dorsal sepal erect, oblong-lanceolate, 12–16 mm long, apex obtuse or broadly acute; lateral sepals free or slightly adhering at extreme base, spreading, oblong-lanceolate, 13–17 mm long, slightly wider than dorsal sepal; petals spreading, elliptic-lanceolate, more contracted at base, shorter and more acute than other segments, 10–14 mm long, often with a few irregular teeth. Labellum sessile, deeply 3-lobed, 5–8 mm long (when flattened), pink or white; lateral lobes oblong, obtuse, barred pink, margins mostly entire but slightly notched apically; mid-lobe recurved, broadly lanceolate, margins with a few blunt linear teeth; calli in 2 converging crescentic rows at or near bend in lamina, thick, linear or club-shaped, inclined away from the throat, yellow. Column erect, moderately winged throughout; anther with a long point. Flowers Sep.–Oct.

Brid, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, OtP, OtR, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Common on coastal or near-coastal sands, often under tea-tree thickets, rarely extending inland in western Victoria (e.g. Grampians and Mt Arapiles). Often forming dense colonies with conspicuous leaves.

Caladenia latifolia can be distinguished from all other species in Victoria by its rather broad leaf that lies flat on the ground and the unique arrangement of calli on the labellum.

Caladenia latifolia often forms dense colonies by vegetative reproduction.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Caladenia latifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia latifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania