Galium aparine L.


Sp. Pl. 108 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Scrambling or climbing annual; stems coarse, to 1.5 m long, with small retrorse prickles along ridges and long simple hairs at nodes. Leaves and stipules sessile, c. equal, in whorls of 6–9, oblanceo-late, 10–70 mm long, 2–10 mm wide, obtuse and mucronate to apiculate, upper surface and midrib on lower surface with scattered tiny hooked hairs, margins with tiny retrorse prickles. Inflorescences mostly 2–7-flowered, c. equal to or more often exceeding whorls; peduncles to 2.5 cm long; pedicels to 1.5 cm long. Corolla 1.5–2 mm diam., white. Fruit depressed-globose, 2–4 mm long; mericarps broad-reniform to hemispherical, loosely attached to each other, usually densely covered with hooked hairs. Flowers Sep.–Jan.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native of Europe to central Asia. A widespread weed of gardens and disturbed sites.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Rubiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-01-24
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Rubiaceae
genus Galium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Galium aparine in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Galium aparine in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory