Monotoca elliptica (Sm.) R.Br.

Tree Broom-heath

Prodr. 546 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Densely branched shrub or tree to 8 m high; branchlets puberulous. Leaves narrowly elliptic to oblanceolate, 9–23 mm long, 2.4–6 mm wide, mucronate, ± flat, glabrous, lower surface light green to whitish-grey; margins plane to slightly recurved, smooth; petiole 0.8–1.7 mm long, glabrous or puberulous abaxially when young. Flowers mostly in racemes, occasionally also solitary on new growth; bracts deeply concave and caducous or the distal sometimes persistent and leaf-like, longer bracts more than 1.3 mm; peduncles and pedicels 0.5–3 mm long; bracteoles 0.7–1.3 mm long; sepals 0.8–1.3 mm long; corolla whitish-cream, campanulate, 1.4–2.2 mm long in female flowers; 1.8–3.4 mm long in males; lobes glabrous or occasionally minutely papillose, slightly longer than tube; anthers 1.1–1.9 mm long, exserted or rarely half-exserted from corolla tube; ovary plus style 0.7–1.3 mm long. Fruit ovoid, 2.5–4 mm long, red-orange at maturity. Flowers Jun.–Sep.

EGL, EGU, GipP, HSF, OtP, Strz, VAlp, WPro. Also NSW, Tas. In Victoria restricted to eastern, near-coastal areas with a preference for sandy soils (such as tertiary dunes) and rock outcrops. Occurs primarily in coastal shrubland and lowland sclerophyll forest, often abundant in long-unburnt areas.

Source: Albrecht, D.E. (1996). Epacridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2020-10-21
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Ericales
family Ericaceae
genus Monotoca
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Monotoca elliptica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Monotoca elliptica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory