Paronychia brasiliana DC.

Whitlow Wort

in Poir., Encycl. 5: 23 (1804) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Perennial with woody taproot; more or less pubescent. Stems prostrate, much-branching from base, to 27 cm long, internodes more or less retrorse-puberulent. Leaves sessile, linear-oblong or elliptic to oblanceolate, to 8.5 mm long and 2.5 mm wide, acute, mucronate, densely scabrid-strigose; stipules acuminate, c. half the length of leaves. Inflorescence profuse, pseudo-axillary; bracts acuminate, usually not concealing flowers. Flowers 1.5–1.75 mm long; pedicels very short; calyx more or less chestnut-brown, glabrous or rarely sparsely ciliate near base, sepals obovate-oblong, strongly hooded, 1–1.4 mm long, with narrow membranous margins and slender, smooth, spreading awn 0.4–0.8 mm long; petals absent. Achene sub-globose, c. 1 mm long; seeds reddish-brown, more or less glossy, finely punctate, 0.7–0.8 mm diam. Flowers mainly Aug.–Mar.

*EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *MuF, *MuM, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised SA, Qld, NSW, Norfolk Is., Macquarie Is., South Africa. Native to Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay. Widespread weed of disturbed soils, lawns and waste ground.

Source: Adams, L.G. (1996). Caryophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Paronychia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Paronychia brasiliana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Paronychia brasiliana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory