Solanum marginatum L.f.

White-edged Nightshade

Suppl. Pl. 147 (1781) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Extinct

Establishment means:Introduced

Shrub to 1.5 m high, dull green to silvery-white, pubescent with minute stellate hairs; prickles to 10 mm long, straight, scattered on most parts of plant. Leaves elliptic, mostly 10–12 cm long, 8–10 cm wide, lobed, discolorous, upper surface sparsely pubescent except near margins where densely covered with persistent silvery stellate hairs, lower surface densely pubescent; lobes 7–11, apex rounded or obtuse, margins sinuate-crenate; petiole 1.5–2.5 cm long. Inflorescences simple, 2–10-flowered; peduncle absent. Upper flowers male; lower flowers bisexual, on pedicels 20–25 mm long; calyx 9–10 mm long, lobes narrow-triangular to oblong, 5–10 mm long, unequal; corolla rotate, 30–40 mm diam., stellate-pubescent, white or pale mauve, lobes acute-tipped; anthers 6–7 mm long. Berry globose, 30–40 mm diam., yellowish; seeds 2–2.5 mm long, light brown. Flowers mostly spring–autumn.

Naturalised Tas. Native to north-east Africa. Several collections from near Casterton, Colac, Melbourne, San Remo and Warragul, but not collected since 1911; grown as an ornamental.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-01-08
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Solanum marginatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum marginatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Warrnambool Plain extinct introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall extinct introduced
Otway Ranges extinct introduced
Strzelecki Ranges extinct introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia