Lunaria annua L.

Sp. Pl. 2: 653 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Biannual or rarely annual herb to c. 1 m high, sparsely to densely pubescent with simple hairs. Leaves triangular, (2–)4–10 cm long, 2–6(–10) cm wide; margins toothed; base cordate; petiole up to 15 cm long on basal leaves. Sepals 5–10 mm long; petals bluish-purple, 15–30 mm long. Fruit elliptic-oblong to suborbicular, 25–45 mm long, 20–40 mm wide; style 4–10 mm long; seeds 1–8 per locule, 5–8 mm diam., greyish brown, winged. Flowers Sep.–Jan. (4 records).

*CVU, *GipP, *HSF, *OtR, *VAlp. Native to Europe, often cultivated for its showy flowers and attractive fruits which have a persistent silvery septum. Occasionally escaping cultivation in a range of habitats in Victoria, often in damp disturbed areas dominated by other weedy species.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-08-21
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Lunaria
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Lunaria annua in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lunaria annua in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present introduced
Otway Ranges present introduced
Victorian Alps present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales