Avena sativa L.


Sp. Pl. 79 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Culms erect, to 160 cm high. Leaves glabrous; blade finely scabrous, to 45 cm long and 25 mm wide; ligule membranous, to 5 mm long. Inflorescence a rather narrow but open panicle to 30 cm long. Spikelets 2-flowered; glumes lanceolate, 20–30 mm long, 7–11-nerved; lemma lanceolate, 16–25 mm long (including the 2–4 apical teeth c. 0.5 mm long), glabrous except for callus hairs; awn 15–20 mm long, nearly straight, without well-defined column, usually present on lower floret only but occasionally absent or rarely-present on both florets, inserted below midway on lemma; palea slightly shorter than lemma. Florets falling united at maturity. Flowers Sep.–May.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGU, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Naturalised in all states.  Mostly in northern and western Victoria where appearing from dropped grain near stockfeed areas, roadsides, cultivated fields etc, but seldom persisting for more than a couple of seasons.

Probably of cultivated origin in the Mediterranean region and derived from A. fatua. Cultivated as a cereal or fodder grass throughout much of the world.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-07-10
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Avena
Higher taxa
species Avena sativa L.


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Avena sativa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Avena sativa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present introduced
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced
Monaro Tablelands present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory