Lycopus australis R.Br.

Australian Gipsywort

Prodr. 500 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Stems erect, to 1.5 m high, usually unbranched, with scattered simple hairs, becoming glabrous; leaves sessile to shortly petiolate, c. lanceolate, 4–15 cm long, 0.8–2.5 cm wide, upper surface with scattered simple hairs, lower surface gland-dotted, apex acute, margins coarsely acutely toothed. Cymes c. sessile, few-many-flowered. Calyx 3.5–5 mm long, gland-dotted, lobes acuminate, 1.6–2.5 mm long, ending in a stiff point; corolla white, often mauve-dotted at the base of each lobe, slightly longer than calyx, lobes c. one-quarter as long as tube; stamens shortly exserted; ovary surmounted on a thick disc. Mericarps obloid or obovoid, c. 2 mm long. Flowers Dec.–Apr.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP. Also SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Common in Victoria on reedy verges of watercourses, lakes and swamps, mostly east of Port Phillip, but with scattered occurrences in the west (e.g. Portland, Glenaire, Geelong areas).

Source: Conn, B.J. (1999). Lamiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-12-24
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Lamiaceae
genus Lycopus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Lycopus australis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lycopus australis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory