Chloris truncata R.Br.

Windmill-grass

Prodr. 186 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted or occasionally stoloniferous perennial, culms erect, to c. 40 cm high; leaves glabrous, often somewhat glaucous; blade flat or folded, scabrous along margins and keel, to 15 cm (rarely more) long and 5 mm wide. Inflorescence an umbel of 5–10 spikes, 5–17 cm long, spreading stiffly horizontally or slightly reflexed at maturity. Spikelets with 2 florets, the lower bisexual, the upper sterile, both blackish at maturity; lower glume 1–2 mm, the upper 2–4 mm, sometimes mucronate; fertile lemma very obtuse or truncate, subequal to upper glume, membranous, sparsely ciliate along the upper margin, callus shortly bearded, otherwise glabrous, awn 5–15 mm long; sterile lemma cuneate, truncate, not or barely half as long as first and not or only weakly enclosed by it, awn of second lemma 2.5–5 mm long Flowers Nov.–Jun.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, RobP, VRiv, VVP, WaP, Wim. All mainland states except NT. Occurs chiefly in grasslands on better soils mostly north of the Dividing Range, occasional in lightly timbered country on poor rocky or sandy soils. Locally abundant on the basalt plains near Melbourne and persisting in a few inner urban areas (e.g. Merri Creek and Studley Park). A colonizer of disturbed ground in suitable habitat.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Chloris
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Chloris truncata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chloris truncata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
State
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria