Melaleuca armillaris subsp. armillaris

Giant Honey-myrtle

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native (naturalised in part(s) of state)

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Spreading shrub or small tree, to c. 6 m high; bark hard, shallowly fissured, occasionally corky. Leaves alternate, linear, 1.2–2.5 cm long, c. 1 mm wide, concave above, gland-dotted below, tip narrowly acute, recurved; petiole 1–2 mm long. Inflorescence a dense spike, 3–7 cm long, 2.0–2.8 cm wide, arising as a side branch; axis glabrous to hairy, growing on into a leafy shoot. Flowers subtended by a caducous bract which is nearly as long as the leaves and has a leaf-like tip; stamens 13–18 per bundle, cream to white or rarely pinkish-mauve, claw 5–6 mm long, free part of filaments c. 3–7 mm long. Capsules 3–5 mm wide, sepals mostly persistent, pointed to undulate on the capsule rim. Flowers summer.

EGL, EGU, *CVU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also WA (naturalised), SA (naturalised), NSW (native), ACT (naturalised), Tas (native and naturalised). Mainly confined to near-coastal sandy heaths, scrubs slightly raised above saltmarsh, riparian scrubs, rocky coastlines and foothill outcrops eastwards from about Marlo. Occurrences to the west are naturalized from cultivated stock.

Commonly grown for ornament, as a windbreak or street tree and sometimes giving rise to seedlings, particularly after fire. Willis (1947) reports plants of Melaleuca armillaris to 15 m tall on Rodondo Is. (c. 10 km south of Wilsons Promontory).

Source: Spencer, R.D. (1996). Melaleuca. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-02-11
Hero image
Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Melaleuca armillaris subsp. armillaris in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Melaleuca armillaris subsp. armillaris in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory