Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Trees or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous (mostly semi-deciduous in Victoria), monoecious or andromonoecious. Leaves alternate, 3-nerved from base; stipules membranous, free, caducous. Inflorescences axillary on new shoots, commonly males in lower axils, females above; male inflorescences of few-flowered clusters, flowers pedicellate; female inflorescences of solitary subsessile flowers. Perianth of 4, 5 or 6 free, scarious segments; stamens as many as perianth segments, pistillodes sometimes present in male flowers. Bisexual and female flowers (if present) solitary, pedicellate; style bifid; staminodes present in female flowers. Fruit a drupe, the woody endocarp sometimes ridged or or pitted.

About 100 species, from tropical and temperate regions almost worldwide; 6 or 7 species native in Australia, at least 3 naturalised from horticulture.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2015-02-05
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-02-05
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Cannabaceae
Higher taxa
genus Celtis
Subordinate taxa