Glycyrrhiza glabra L.


Sp. Pl. 742 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect rhizomatous subshrub, to 1 m tall; stems scabrous to pubescent. Leaves 8–19 cm long; leaflets 5–17, elliptic, ovate or oblong, mostly 15–40 mm long, 8–20 mm wide, apices obtuse to retuse, sometimes shortly mucronate, margins more or less entire, both surfaces glabrous, upper surface glandular; stipules 1–2 mm long. Racemes usually shorter than subtending leaves; peduncles 3.5–10 cm long, lax; pedicels less than 1 mm long. Flowers many, white to blue-violet; calyx to 6 mm long, glandular hairy, teeth longer than tube; corolla 10–13 mm long; standard oblanceolate, c. 3 mm wide; keel more or less semicircular, acuminate, long-clawed. Pod linear-oblong, 15–30 mm long, 4–6 mm wide, straight, red-brown, glabrous or glandular-setose; seeds 2–6, reniform to subglobular, c. 2 mm long, dark brown. Flowers throughout summer.

*Gold, *MuF, *VRiv, *Wim. Also naturalised SA, NSW, America. Native to southern and eastern Europe, doubtfully North Africa and south-east Asia. In Victoria, apparently confined to a few localities in the north where it has escaped from cultivation.

This species is cultivated in the Mediterranean region as a source of liquorice.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Glycyrrhiza
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Glycyrrhiza glabra in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Glycyrrhiza glabra in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales