Callitris glaucophylla Joy Thomps. & L.A.S.Johnson

White Cypress-pine

Telopea 2: 731 (1986) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Broad conical tree to 20 m high, or stunted tree to only 3 m in less favourable habitats. Leaves 1–3(–6) mm long, glaucous, occasionally dark green, outer side rounded. Female cones usually single, sometimes in groups of 2 or more, ovoid to subglobose, 1–3 cm diam. when open, rarely remaining on branches long after maturity; scales thin, separating almost to base as cone opens, dorsal surface finely to coarsely rugose, never tuberculate, often with very small dorsal point near apex; columella not lobed, slender or thick.

CVU, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuF, MuM, NIS, RobP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also NT, SA, Qld, NSW. Common in inland woodlands on loamy plains, sandy rises and outcrops of sedimentary and granitic rock near Murray River, on Mt Arapiles and in scattered pockets to the west of Melbourne (e.g. Bacchus Marsh, Maude, Batesford).

Specimens with a cone morphology intermediate between Callitris glaucophylla and C. gracilis are found in the Murray River area, and may be of hybrid origin (Adams 1985, p. 48; Thompson & Johnson 1986, p. 733).

Victorian populations have at times been treated as C. columellaris F.Muell., but morphological and molecular evidence indicates this to be a species of restricted occurrence in near-coastal northern New South Wales and southern Queensland.

The wood of this slow-growing conifer is renowned for its resistance to insect attack, particularly that of termites.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Conifers (Pinophyta). In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2018-02-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
class Pinopsida
order Pinales
family Cupressaceae
genus Callitris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Callitris glaucophylla in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Callitris glaucophylla in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native