Atriplex semibaccata R.Br.

Berry Saltbush

Prodr. 406 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Prostrate, often mat-forming or semi-erect, usually deeply taprooted perennial, to c. 1 m diam., or c. 40 cm high, monoecious. Leaves shortly petiolate to subsessile, oblong-ovate to obovate, mostly 6–18(–25) mm long, 2–7(–15) mm wide, margins entire or with a few irregular teeth, glabrous or slightly mealy on upper surface, glistening grey-green or scurfy below. Male flowers in small clusters in upper axils, female flowers clustered in lower axils or sometimes subtending male flowers. Fruiting bracteoles subsessile, glabrous or sparsely mealy, fused from base to about midway, rhombic, 2–5 mm long and wide, entire or with a few small teeth, usually red and semi-succulent when ripe, becoming prominently 3–5-nerved when dry. Fruits Sep.-Dec.

CVU, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, RobP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. All States except NT. Introduced in Tas. and some mainland areas for grazing in saline areas. Common on basalt, often subsaline soils near Melbourne, sometimes weedy, rare in east. In north-western Victoria, usually a herb of lake margins and gypseous rises.

Victorian plants generally represent the southern Australian form in which the fruiting bracteoles become red and succulent. Some collections where succulence is not apparent may represent the northern Australian form (described as A. neurivalvis Domin). Atriplex semibaccata hybridizes with A. spinibractea in New South Wales and Queensland.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Chenopodiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-03-22
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Atriplex
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Atriplex semibaccata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Atriplex semibaccata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native