Silene gallica L.

Sp. Pl. 417 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual; pubescent, glandular above. Stems erect, simple to much-branched, 15–45 cm long. Leaves hispid-pilose, 10–35 mm long, 1–10 mm wide, subobtuse; lower leaves oblong-spathulate with petioles to 10 mm long; upper leaves sessile, lanceolate. Inflorescence simple, racemose, 1–several-flowered; bracts herbaceous. Flowers bisexual; pedicels erect in fruit, to 1.5 times calyx length; calyx cylindric-ovoid, erect and larger in fruit, 7–10 mm long, 10-veined, glandular-pubescent, pilose on the veins, calyx-lobes a quarter calyx length, narrow-triangular to linear-lanceolate, acute; petal-limb to 5 mm long, entire to emarginate, white or pink, with or without dark crimson basal spot; styles 3. Capsule ovoid, 6–9 mm long; carpophore c. 1 mm long, more or less puberulent; seeds reniform, faces deeply concave, dark greyish-brown, bluntly tuberculate, 0.8–1.2 mm long.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim.

Widely naturalised in extra-tropical Australia, including 2 varieties native to southern and central Europe and western Asia. Flowers Sep.-Mar.

Source: Adams, L.G. (1996). Caryophyllaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
genus Silene
Higher taxa
Subordinate taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Silene gallica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Silene gallica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present introduced
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present introduced
Warrnambool Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory