Anthoxanthum aristatum Boiss.

Annual Vernal-grass

Voy. Bot. Aspagne 2: 638 (1842) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted, coumarin-scented annual; culms to 60 cm high, usually branched several times. Leaves glabrous to sparsely hairy, smooth; sheath commonly inflated; blade flat, to 12 cm long and 1–5 mm wide; ligule acute, 1–3 mm long. Inflorescence a loose to moderately dense, spike-like panicle, 1–5 cm long; lower glume ovate, 2.5–4 mm long, acute, glabrous, upper glume lanceolate, 5.5–6.5 mm long; sterile lemmas 2.5–3 mm long, oblong, broadest near the apex, truncate, shallowly notched, covered in the lower part by fine appressed hairs, the awn of the lower straight, 2–3 mm long, inserted just above midway, the awn of the upper stouter and dark, geniculate, 5–8 mm long, inserted near base; fertile lemma c. 1.5 mm long, ovate; palea equal to lemma. Flowers Dec.–Jan.

*CVU, *DunT, *Glep, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS. Known in Victoria only from the north-east in the Yea, Bright, Beechworth and Corryong districts where occurring in open country and forest, often in sites prone to seasonal waterlogging but dry in summer.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Anthoxanthum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Anthoxanthum aristatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Anthoxanthum aristatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory