Prunus cerasifera Ehrh.


Beitr. Naturk. 4: 17 (1789) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Slender deciduous large shrub or small tree to c. 7 m high, juvenile phase sometimes spiny; young twigs glabrous, glossy. Leaves ovate to oblong-obovate, mostly 2–5 cm long, 1–3 cm wide, base cuneate, apex acute, margins crenate or serrate, glabrous above, more or less glabrous below except for some pubescence on veins, green to deep reddish-purple; petiole 5–15 mm long. Flowers solitary or in clusters of 2–4 on short lateral shoots, appearing with or before the leaves; pedicels slender, glabrous. Sepals rounded, usually glabrous, margins glandular; petals obovate to suborbicular, white or pink. Drupe subglobose, 15–25 mm diam., glabrous, red or yellow, flesh soft, juicy and sweet; stone ovoid, smooth, keeled. Flowers Oct.–Dec.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *NIS, *OtP, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native of Europe, south-west Asia. In its various forms, a widely cultivated street, ornamental or fruit tree, or a hardy rootstock for other plums. Naturalised widely in cooler districts of the State.

Purple-leaved cultivars ('Nigra' and 'Atropurpurea') are widely grown and are naturalised in some areas. Some progeny of these may either hybridize with or tend to revert to the commoner green-leaved form, so that a full range of intermediates between the 2 may be seen within a population.

Source: Jeanes, J.A.; Jobson, P.C. (1996). Rosaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rosaceae
genus Prunus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prunus cerasifera in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prunus cerasifera in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory