Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted or rhizomatous perennials or annuals. Culm internodes solid; nodes generally glabrous. Leaf-blades flat; ligules membranous, sometimes fringed. Inflorescence of spikelike racemes, digitately or subdigitately arranged, or a typical panicle; rachis segments and pedicels furrowed; terminal spikelets in 3s, others in pairs, the lower of each pair or triplet sessile and bisexual, the upper 1 or 2 pedicellate and male or sterile; glumes 2, subequal, the lower often with a conspicuous pit on the upper surface; lower lemma sterile, hyaline, shorter than glumes; upper lemma fertile, awned, the body of the lemma continuous with the awn; palea reduced or absent.

About 35 species, from warm-temperate and tropical countries; 9 in Australia (2 naturalised), 1 in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-07-07
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
Higher taxa
genus Bothriochloa
Subordinate taxa