Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Woody evergreen climbers or shrubs. Leaves alternate, simple, entire or palmately lobed, discolorous, usually glossy above; stipules absent. Inflorescences pedunculate, of 8–many-flowered umbels that are solitary or in terminal panicles. Flowers pedicellate, pedicels continuous with receptacle (not articulated); petals 5; ovary semi-inferior, 5-locular, surmounted by a conspicuous domed disk, styles 4 or 5, fully connate. Fruit a spherical drupe with 2–5 whitish seeds.

As currently circumscribed, the genus includes c. 12 species (Valcarcel & Vargas 2010), in Europe, north Africa and Asia; 3 species naturalised in Australia

Source: Henwood, M.J.; Makinson, R.O.; Maling, K.L. (1999). Araliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2020-07-21

McAllister, H. & Marshall, R. (2017). Hedera: The complete guide, Royal Horticultural Society.

Valcarcel, V. & Vargas, P. (2010). Quantitative morphology and species delimitation under the general lineage concept: Optimization for Hedera (Araliaceae), American Journal of Botany 97(9): 1555-1573.

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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
family Araliaceae
Higher taxa
genus Hedera
Subordinate taxa