Hedera helix L.

English Ivy

Sp. Pl. 202 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Heteroblastic woody climber (to 20 m or more) or creeper, occasionally becoming shrubby with age, usually with aerial roots along the stems, glabrous or with minute stellate to peltate hairs on younger parts. Leaves simple, glabrous or nearly so, slightly darker above, shape and lobing dependent upon reproductive maturity; leaves on non-flowering shoots shallowly palmately 3–5-lobed; leaves on flowering shoots entire and more or less ovate, 3–10 cm long and wide; petioles 2.5–11 cm long. Inflorescence a panicle of umbels, with an umbel terminating each inflorescence branch; petals 5, sometimes apically united, greenish; styles stout, united, c. 1.5 mm long, persistent. Fruit dull blue to black, 5–10 mm diam. Flowers Mar.–Jul.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Native to Northern Hemisphere (as for genus). Occasionally naturalized, usually near habitation, in wet sclerophyll forest or disturbed rainforest, on a variety of substrates.

Cultivated for its decorative (sometimes variegated) foliage and dense climbing habit. All parts poisonous if eaten, producing dermatitis on contact in some individuals.

Source: Henwood, M.J.; Makinson, R.O.; Maling, K.L. (1999). Araliaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
family Araliaceae
genus Hedera
Higher taxa
species Hedera helix L.


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Hedera helix in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Hedera helix in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory