Calocephalus citreus Less.

Lemon Beauty-heads

Syn. Gen. Compos. 271 (1832) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect perennial, 15–60 cm high; branches somewhat angular, hairy. Leaves opposite, or the uppermost ones alternate, lanceolate or c. linear, 1–11 cm long, 1–2 mm wide, tomentose, the midrib and often two lateral veins prominent. Compound heads c. globose, broadly ellipsoid or c. ovoid, 0.4–2 cm long, with 30–300 capitula; general involucre absent. Capitular bracts 8–11, flat to conduplicate, 1.9–3.4 mm long, the outermost smallest, all mainly hyaline but the uppermost part yellow, glabrous or with long hairs extending from near apex of midrib; florets 2–3 per capitulum. Cypselas subobconic; pappus bristles 4–9, plumose in the upper part. Flowers Sep.–Mar.

Brid, CVU, DunT, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HSF, LoM, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, RobP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also SA, Qld, NSW, ACT, Tas. Scattered, but locally common in loam and clayey soils usually in low-lying areas in woodlands, grasslands and herbfields. .

Records of this species from the far north-west of Victoria are not supported by reliable specimens and should be regarded as dubious (but not implausible).

Source: Short, P.S. (1999). Calocephalus. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Calocephalus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Calocephalus citreus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Calocephalus citreus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory