Prunus domestica L.


Sp. Pl. 1: 475 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Deciduous shrub or tree to 10 m high, often suckering; juvenile phase sometimes spiny; young twigs usually pubescent, dull. Leaves elliptic to obovate, 4–10 cm long, 1.5–5 cm wide, base cuneate to obtuse, apex acute to acuminate, margins crenate or serrate, glabrous or pubescent above, pubescent below; petiole 10–20 mm long. Flowers solitary or in clusters of 2–3 on short lateral branches, appearing with or before the leaves; pedicles 5–20 mm long, usually pubescent. Sepals rounded, usually pubescent, margins glandular; petals ± obovate, white. Drupe globose to ovoid, 1–3.5 cm diam., glabrous, purple, red, yellow or green, flesh sweet or sour; stone broadly ellipsoid, somewhat wrinkled. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

*DunT, *Gold, *HNF, *VRiv, *Wim. Also naturalised SA, NSW, Tas. Native to Europe. Many horticultural varieties are grown for their edible fruits, occasionally naturalised in Victoria, plants suckering, forming dense colonies.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2016-01-14
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-03-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rosaceae
genus Prunus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prunus domestica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prunus domestica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales