Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Large perennial herb, leaves and flowers annual; corm depressed globose, with outer layers coarsely fibrous. Leaves ensiform, tough, fibrous, glabrous. Inflorescence straight, erect, spike-like, with long scape; flowers many, distichous. Perianth actinomorpic or zygomorphic; tube slender basally, abruptly widened distally; stamens orientated to one side of the flower, anthers linear, sub-basifixed and versatile; style thread-like with 3 recurved, divided branches. Capsule woody, globose to cylindric; seeds oblong, winged.

About 70 species in southern Africa and Madagascar Is. Many species and their hybrids are cultivated in Australia as garden ornamentals; several species are naturalised in Australia, 5 of them in Victoria.

Source: Conn, B.J. (1994). Iridaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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