Austrostipa bigeniculata (Hughes) S.W.L.Jacobs & J.Everett

Telopea 6: 584 (1996) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted perennial, culms erect, to 1.2 m high, nodes minutely sericeous. Leaves mostly glabrous, often finely scabrous, the lower sheaths sometimes finely pubescent; blade inrolled to tightly involute to 30 cm long and 2–3 mm wide when flattened out; ligule less than 0.5 mm long, minutely hairy, with a tuft of longer hairs at each side. Inflorescence a loose slender panicle to 40 cm long. Glumes 12–18 mm long, purplish, acuminate, thinly membranous, often shredding after lemmas have fallen, the lower longer by 2–5 mm than upper; lemma often slightly constricted near the apex, 6–8 mm long, maturing to a deep reddish brown, tuberculate, antrorsely scabrous near apex, covered with slightly spreading golden hairs (white when immature), coma spreading, 1.2–2 mm long, the hairs only slightly longer than those of the body of the lemma; callus 1.5–2 mm long; awn twice bent, 30–60 mm long, 6–11 mm to the first bend; palea subequal to lemma. Flowers mostly Nov.–Jan.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, VRiv, VVP, Wim. Also NSW, ACT, Tas. Largely confined to basaltic terrain where common, but occasional on heavy soils north of the Great Dividing Range (e.g. near Euroa) and on limestone-derived soils in the east (e.g. Ensay district). Often forming extensive grasslands with Themeda triandra.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Stipa bigeniculata Hughes).
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-11-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Austrostipa
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Austrostipa bigeniculata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Austrostipa bigeniculata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory