Solanum aviculare G.Forst.

Kangaroo Apple

Pl. Esc. 42 (1786) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Erect shrub or small tree to 4 m high, dark green, glabrous except for minute simple and glandular hairs on young growth and flowers; prickles absent. Leaves lobed or entire, apex acute to acuminate, base attenuate, concolorous, glabrous; lobed leaves broad-elliptic to obovate, 15–30 cm long; lobes 1–10 cm long, 0.5–2 cm wide; petiole to 4 cm long; entire leaves lanceolate-elliptic, 8–25 cm long, 1–3.5 cm wide; petiole 1–2 cm long. Inflorescences simple or forked at base, to 10-flowered; primary peduncle 0–3.5 cm long. Flowers on pedicels 1.5–2 cm long; calyx 5–6 mm long, lobes triangular, 1.5–3 mm long; corolla rotate-stellate, 25–40 mm diam., blue-violet, lobes acute; anthers 3.5–4.5 mm long. Berry ovoid to ellipsoid, 10–15 mm diam., orange-red to scarlet; seeds 1–1.5 mm long, light brown or red-brown; stone-cell granules mostly 1–1.5 mm long. Flowers mostly spring and summer.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, NIS, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also WA (naturalised), SA (naturalised), Qld, NSW, Tas. New Zealand, New Guinea, New Caledonia. A colonizing species of disturbed or burnt sites, mostly eastern, some of the more westerly occurrences may be due to local naturalisations.

Occasionally cultivated as a source of solasodine for cortisone and other steroid drugs.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Solanum aviculare in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum aviculare in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory